Anita T. Layton
- Robert R. & Katherine B. Penn Professor of Mathematics
- Professor in the Department of Mathematics
- Professor of Biomedical Engineering (Secondary)
Research Areas and Keywords
PDE & Dynamical Systems
Mathematical physiology. My main research interest is the application of mathematics to biological systems, specifically, mathematical modeling of renal physiology. Current projects involve (1) the development of mathematical models of the mammalian kidney and the application of these models to investigate the mechanism by which some mammals (and birds) can produce a urine that has a much higher osmolality than that of blood plasma; (2) the study of the origin of the irregular oscillations exhibited by the tubuloglomerular feedback (TGF) system, which regulates fluid delivery into renal tubules, in hypertensive rats; (3) the investigation of the interactions of the TGF system and the urine concentrating mechanism; (4) the development of a dynamic epithelial transport model of the proximal tubule and the incorporation of that model into a TGF framework.
Multiscale numerical methods. I develop multiscale numerical methods---multi-implicit Picard integral deferred correction methods---for the integration of partial differential equations arising in physical systems with dynamics that involve two or more processes with widely-differing characteristic time scales (e.g., combustion, transport of air pollutants, etc.). These methods avoid the solution of nonlinear coupled equations, and allow processes to decoupled (like in operating-splitting methods) while generating arbitrarily high-order solutions.
Numerical methods for immersed boundary problems. I develop numerical methods to simulate fluid motion driven by forces singularly supported along a boundary immersed in an incompressible fluid.
Unraveling Kidney Physiology, Pathophysiology & Therapeutics: A Modeling Approach awarded by National Institutes of Health (Principal Investigator). 2016 to 2020
Collaborative Research: NIGMS: Comparitive Study of Desert and non-Desert Rodent Kidneys awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2013 to 2018
EMSW21-RTG: awarded by National Science Foundation (Co-Principal Investigator). 2010 to 2017
Modeling Solute Transport and Urine Concentrating Mechanism in the Rat Kidney awarded by National Institutes of Health (Principal Investigator). 2010 to 2016
Modeling Fluid Dynamics and Solute Transport in the Kidney awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2007 to 2012
Workshop on Fluid Motion awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2010 to 2011
FAN 2010 awarded by National Science Foundation (Co-Principal Investigator). 2010 to 2011
A Conference on Applications of Analysis to Mathematical Biology awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2007 to 2008
ADVANCE Fellows Award: Mathematical Modeling of Renal Physiology awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2004 to 2007
Chen, Y, Sullivan, JC, Edwards, A, and Layton, AT. "Sex-specific computational models of the spontaneously hypertensive rat kidneys: factors affecting nitric oxide bioavailability." American journal of physiology. Renal physiology 313.2 (August 2017): F174-F183. Full Text
Layton, AT, Edwards, A, and Vallon, V. "Adaptive changes in GFR, tubular morphology, and transport in subtotal nephrectomized kidneys: modeling and analysis." American journal of physiology. Renal physiology 313.2 (August 2017): F199-F209. Full Text
Chen, Y, Fry, BC, and Layton, AT. "Modeling glucose metabolism and lactate production in the kidney." Mathematical biosciences 289 (July 2017): 116-129. Full Text
Jiang, T, Li, Y, Layton, AT, Wang, W, Sun, Y, Li, M, Zhou, H, and Yang, B. "Generation and phenotypic analysis of mice lacking all urea transporters." Kidney international 91.2 (February 2017): 338-351. Full Text
Layton, AT, Laghmani, K, Vallon, V, and Edwards, A. "Solute transport and oxygen consumption along the nephrons: effects of Na+ transport inhibitors." American journal of physiology. Renal physiology 311.6 (December 2016): F1217-F1229. Full Text
Layton, AT, Vallon, V, and Edwards, A. "A computational model for simulating solute transport and oxygen consumption along the nephrons." American journal of physiology. Renal physiology 311.6 (December 2016): F1378-F1390. Full Text
Sgouralis, I, Kett, MM, Ow, CPC, Abdelkader, A, Layton, AT, Gardiner, BS, Smith, DW, Lankadeva, YR, and Evans, RG. "Bladder urine oxygen tension for assessing renal medullary oxygenation in rabbits: experimental and modeling studies." American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology 311.3 (September 2016): R532-R544. Full Text
Layton, AT. "Recent advances in renal hypoxia: insights from bench experiments and computer simulations." American journal of physiology. Renal physiology 311.1 (July 2016): F162-F165. (Review) Full Text
Sgouralis, I, Evans, RG, and Layton, AT. "Renal medullary and urinary oxygen tension during cardiopulmonary bypass in the rat." Mathematical medicine and biology : a journal of the IMA (June 8, 2016).
Burt, T, Rouse, DC, Lee, K, Wu, H, Layton, AT, Hawk, TC, Weitzel, DH, Chin, BB, Cohen-Wolkowiez, M, Chow, S-C, and Noveck, RJ. "Intraarterial Microdosing: A Novel Drug Development Approach, Proof-of-Concept PET Study in Rats." November 2015. Full Text
Burt, T, Wu, H, Layton, AT, Rouse, DC, Chin, BB, Hawk, TC, Weitzel, DH, Cohen-Wolkowiez, M, Chow, S, and Noveck, RJ. "INTRA-ARTERIAL MICRODOSING (IAM), A NOVEL DRUG DEVELOPMENT APPROACH, PROOF OF CONCEPT IN RATS." August 2015.
Ryu, H, and Layton, AT. "Feedback-Mediated Dynamics in a Model of Coupled Nephrons with Compliant Short Loop of Henle." 2014. Full Text
Olson, SD, and Layton, AT. "Simulating Biofluid-Structure Interactions with an Immersed Boundary Framework - A Review." 2014. Full Text
Gilbert, RL, Pannabecker, TL, and Layton, AT. "Role of interstitial nodal spaces in the urine concentrating mechanism of the rat kidney." April 2012.
Pannabecker, TL, Dantzler, WH, and Layton, AT. "Urine Concentrating Mechanism: Impact of Vascular and Tubular Architecture and a Proposed Descending Limb Urea-Na Cotransporter." April 2012.
Edwards, A, and Layton, AT. "Impact of nitric oxide-mediated vasodilation on outer medullary NaCl transport and oxygenation." April 2012.
Ryu, H, and Layton, AT. "Tubular Fluid Oscillations Mediated by Tubuloglomerular Feedback in a Short Loop of Henle." April 2012.
Sgouralis, I, and Layton, AT. "Interactions between Tubuloglomerular Feedback and the Myogenic Mechanism of the Afferent Arteriole." April 2012.
Spring Breakthrough is a risk-free opportunity for first- and second-year students to explore their intellectual interests. For five days during spring break (March 12-16, 2017), they can participate in a mini-seminar designed to be intellectually... read more »
Q. How can math be used to keep us healthy and safe? We have all sorts of data at our fingertips – on healthcare trials and treatments, crime statistics, and weather patterns for example. But how do we use the data to make the best and most ethical... read more »