Anita T. Layton
- Professor in the Department of Mathematics
- Professor of Biomedical Engineering (Secondary)
- Professor in Medicine (Secondary)
- Bass Fellow
Research Areas and Keywords
PDE & Dynamical Systems
Mathematical physiology. My main research interest is the application of mathematics to biological systems, specifically, mathematical modeling of renal physiology. Current projects involve (1) the development of mathematical models of the mammalian kidney and the application of these models to investigate the mechanism by which some mammals (and birds) can produce a urine that has a much higher osmolality than that of blood plasma; (2) the study of the origin of the irregular oscillations exhibited by the tubuloglomerular feedback (TGF) system, which regulates fluid delivery into renal tubules, in hypertensive rats; (3) the investigation of the interactions of the TGF system and the urine concentrating mechanism; (4) the development of a dynamic epithelial transport model of the proximal tubule and the incorporation of that model into a TGF framework.
Multiscale numerical methods. I develop multiscale numerical methods---multi-implicit Picard integral deferred correction methods---for the integration of partial differential equations arising in physical systems with dynamics that involve two or more processes with widely-differing characteristic time scales (e.g., combustion, transport of air pollutants, etc.). These methods avoid the solution of nonlinear coupled equations, and allow processes to decoupled (like in operating-splitting methods) while generating arbitrarily high-order solutions.
Numerical methods for immersed boundary problems. I develop numerical methods to simulate fluid motion driven by forces singularly supported along a boundary immersed in an incompressible fluid.
Bioinformatics and Computational Biology Training Program awarded by National Institutes of Health (Mentor). 2005 to 2021
Unraveling Kidney Physiology, Pathophysiology & Therapeutics: A Modeling Approach awarded by National Institutes of Health (Principal Investigator). 2016 to 2020
Collaborative Research: NIGMS: Comparitive Study of Desert and non-Desert Rodent Kidneys awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2013 to 2019
EMSW21-RTG: awarded by National Science Foundation (Co-Principal Investigator). 2010 to 2017
Modeling Solute Transport and Urine Concentrating Mechanism in the Rat Kidney awarded by National Institutes of Health (Principal Investigator). 2010 to 2016
Modeling Fluid Dynamics and Solute Transport in the Kidney awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2007 to 2012
Workshop on Fluid Motion awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2010 to 2011
FAN 2010 awarded by National Science Foundation (Co-Principal Investigator). 2010 to 2011
A Conference on Applications of Analysis to Mathematical Biology awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2007 to 2008
ADVANCE Fellows Award: Mathematical Modeling of Renal Physiology awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2004 to 2007
Li, Q, McDonough, AA, Layton, HE, and Layton, AT. "Functional implications of sexual dimorphism of transporter patterns along the rat proximal tubule: modeling and analysis." American Journal of Physiology Renal Physiology 315.3 (September 2018): F692-F700. Full Text
Wei, N, Gumz, ML, and Layton, AT. "Predicted effect of circadian clock modulation of NHE3 of a proximal tubule cell on sodium transport." American Journal of Physiology Renal Physiology 315.3 (September 2018): F665-F676. Full Text
Leete, J, Gurley, S, and Layton, AT. "Modeling sex differences in the renin angiotensin system and the efficacy of antihypertensive therapies." Computers & Chemical Engineering 112 (April 2018): 253-264. Full Text
Layton, AT, Edwards, A, and Vallon, V. "Renal potassium handling in rats with subtotal nephrectomy: modeling and analysis." American Journal of Physiology Renal Physiology 314.4 (April 2018): F643-F657. Full Text
Layton, AT, and Vallon, V. "Cardiovascular benefits of SGLT2 inhibition in diabetes and chronic kidney diseases." Acta Physiologica (Oxford, England) 222.4 (April 2018): e13050-null. Full Text
Wei, N, and Layton, AT. "Theoretical assessment of the Ca2+ oscillations in the afferent arteriole smooth muscle cell of the rat kidney." International Journal of Biomathematics 11.03 (April 2018): 1850043-1850043. Full Text
Edwards, A, and Layton, AT. "Cell Volume Regulation in the Proximal Tubule of Rat Kidney : Proximal Tubule Cell Volume Regulation." Bulletin of mathematical biology 79.11 (November 2017): 2512-2533. Full Text
Burt, T, Noveck, RJ, MacLeod, DB, Layton, AT, Rowland, M, and Lappin, G. "Intra-Target Microdosing (ITM): A Novel Drug Development Approach Aimed at Enabling Safer and Earlier Translation of Biological Insights Into Human Testing." Clinical and translational science 10.5 (September 2017): 337-350. (Review) Full Text
Sgouralis, I, Evans, RG, and Layton, AT. "Renal medullary and urinary oxygen tension during cardiopulmonary bypass in the rat." Mathematical medicine and biology : a journal of the IMA 34.3 (September 2017): 313-333. Full Text
Burt, T, Rouse, DC, Lee, K, Wu, H, Layton, AT, Hawk, TC, Weitzel, DH, Chin, BB, Cohen-Wolkowiez, M, Chow, S-C, and Noveck, RJ. "Intraarterial Microdosing: A Novel Drug Development Approach, Proof-of-Concept PET Study in Rats." November 2015. Full Text
Burt, T, Wu, H, Layton, A, Rouse, D, Chin, B, Hawk, T, Weitzel, D, Cohen-Wolkowiez, M, Chow, S, and Noveck, R. "Intra-Arterial Microdosing (IAM), a novel Drug development approach, proof of concept in Rats." August 2015. Full Text
Ryu, H, and Layton, AT. "Feedback-Mediated Dynamics in a Model of Coupled Nephrons with Compliant Short Loop of Henle." 2014. Full Text
Olson, SD, and Layton, AT. "Simulating Biofluid-Structure Interactions with an Immersed Boundary Framework - A Review." 2014. Full Text
Ryu, H, and Layton, AT. "Tubular Fluid Oscillations Mediated by Tubuloglomerular Feedback in a Short Loop of Henle." April 2012.
Sgouralis, I, and Layton, AT. "Interactions between Tubuloglomerular Feedback and the Myogenic Mechanism of the Afferent Arteriole." April 2012.
Gilbert, RL, Pannabecker, TL, and Layton, AT. "Role of interstitial nodal spaces in the urine concentrating mechanism of the rat kidney." April 2012.
Pannabecker, TL, Dantzler, WH, and Layton, AT. "Urine Concentrating Mechanism: Impact of Vascular and Tubular Architecture and a Proposed Descending Limb Urea-Na Cotransporter." April 2012.
Edwards, A, and Layton, AT. "Impact of nitric oxide-mediated vasodilation on outer medullary NaCl transport and oxygenation." April 2012.
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Q. How can math be used to keep us healthy and safe? We have all sorts of data at our fingertips – on healthcare trials and treatments, crime statistics, and weather patterns for example. But how do we use the data to make the best and most ethical... read more »