Robert Calderbank

Robert Calderbank
  • Charles S. Sydnor Professor of Computer Science
  • Professor of Computer Science
  • Director of the Information Initiative at Duke
  • Professor of Mathematics (Joint)
  • Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering (Joint)
  • Professor of Physics (Secondary)
External address: 140 Science Drive, 317 Gross Hall, Durham, NC 27708
Internal office address: Campus Box 90984, 140 Science Drive, Durham, NC 27708
Phone: (919) 613-7874

Research Areas and Keywords

Algebra & Combinatorics
error-correcting codes, wireless communication, data storage, discrete harmonic analysis, sphere packing, algorithms, data compression, source classification, representation theory
Analysis
detection and estimation, discrete harmonic analysis
Computational Mathematics
discrete harmonic analysis, algorithms
Number Theory
error-correcting codes, data storage, discrete harmonic analysis, sphere packing, algorithms, representation theory
Physical Modeling
wireless communications, data storage, detection and estimation
Probability
error-correcting codes, wireless communications, data storage, detection and estimation, algorithms, data compression, source classification
Signals, Images & Data
error-correcting codes, wireless communication, data storage, discrete harmonic analysis, algorithms, data compression, source classification

Robert Calderbank is Director of the Information Initiative at Duke University, where he is Professor of Electrical Engineering, Computer Science and Mathematics. He joined Duke in 2010, completed a 3 year term as Dean of Natural Sciences in August 2013, and also served as Interim Director of the Duke Initiative in Innovation and Entrepreneurship in 2012. Before joining Duke he was Professor of Electrical Engineering and Mathematics at Princeton University where he also directed the Program in Applied and Computational Mathematics.

 

Before joining Princeton University Dr. Calderbank was Vice President for Research at AT&T. As Vice President for Research he managed AT&T intellectual property, and he was responsible for licensing revenue. AT&T Labs was the first of a new type of research lab where masses of data generated by network services became a giant sandbox in which fundamental discoveries in information science became a source of commercial advantage

 

At Duke, Dr. Calderbank works with researchers from the Duke Center for Autism and Brain Development, developing information technology that is able to capture a full spectrum of behavior in very young children. By supporting more consistent and cost-effective early diagnosis, the team is increasing the opportunity for early interventions that have proven very effective.

 

At the start of his career at Bell Labs, Dr. Calderbank developed voiceband modem technology that was widely licensed and incorporated in over a billion devices. Voiceband means the signals are audible so these modems burped and squeaked as they connected to the internet. One of these products was the AT&T COMSPHERE® modem which was the fastest modem in the world in 1994 – at 33.6kb/s!   

 

Together with Peter Shor and colleagues at AT&T Labs Dr. Calderbank developed the group theoretic framework for quantum error correction. This framework changed the way physicists view quantum entanglement, and provided the foundation for fault tolerant quantum computation.

 

Dr. Calderbank has also developed technology that improves the speed and reliability of wireless communication by correlating signals across several transmit antennas. Invented in 1996, this space-time coding technology has been incorporated in a broad range of 3G, 4G and 5G wireless standards. He served on the Technical Advisory Board of Flarion Technologies a wireless infrastructure company founded by Rajiv Laroia and acquired by Qualcomm for $1B in 2008.

 

Dr. Calderbank is an IEEE Fellow and an AT&T Fellow, and he was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 2005. He received the 2013 IEEE Hamming Medal for contributions to coding theory and communications and the 2015 Shannon Award.

 

Education & Training
  • Ph.D., California Institute of Technology 1980

  • M.S., Oxford University (U.K.) 1976

  • B.S., University of Warwick (England) 1975

Nokleby, M., et al. “Toward resource-optimal consensus over the wireless medium.” Ieee Journal on Selected Topics in Signal Processing, vol. 7, no. 2, Jan. 2013, pp. 284–95. Scopus, doi:10.1109/JSTSP.2013.2246765. Full Text

Wang, L., et al. “Designed measurements for vector count data.” Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems, Jan. 2013.

Chi, Y., and R. Calderbank. “Coherence-based performance guarantees of Orthogonal Matching Pursuit.” 2012 50th Annual Allerton Conference on Communication, Control, and Computing, Allerton 2012, Dec. 2012, pp. 2003–09. Scopus, doi:10.1109/Allerton.2012.6483468. Full Text

Nokleby, M., et al. “Toward resource-optimal averaging consensus over the wireless medium.” Conference Record  Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers, Dec. 2012, pp. 1197–201. Scopus, doi:10.1109/ACSSC.2012.6489211. Full Text

Carson, W. R., et al. “Communications-inspired projection design with application to compressive sensing.” Siam Journal on Imaging Sciences, vol. 5, no. 4, Dec. 2012, pp. 1182–212. Scopus, doi:10.1137/120878380. Full Text Open Access Copy

Jacobvitz, A. N., et al. “Writing cosets of a convolutional code to increase the Lifetime of Flash memory.” 2012 50th Annual Allerton Conference on Communication, Control, and Computing, Allerton 2012, Dec. 2012, pp. 308–18. Scopus, doi:10.1109/Allerton.2012.6483234. Full Text

Harms, A., et al. “Rapid sensing of underutilized, wideband spectrum using the Random Demodulator.” Conference Record  Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers, Dec. 2012, pp. 1940–44. Scopus, doi:10.1109/ACSSC.2012.6489377. Full Text

Wu, Y., et al. “Enabling code diversity for mobile radio channels using long-range fading prediction.” Ieee Transactions on Wireless Communications, vol. 11, no. 12, Nov. 2012, pp. 4362–71. Scopus, doi:10.1109/TWC.2012.101712.111884. Full Text

Xie, Y., et al. “Compressive demodulation of mutually interfering signals.” 2012 Ieee Statistical Signal Processing Workshop, Ssp 2012, Nov. 2012, pp. 592–95. Scopus, doi:10.1109/SSP.2012.6319768. Full Text

Duarte, M. F., et al. “Melanoma classification from hidden Markov tree features.” Icassp, Ieee International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing  Proceedings, Oct. 2012, pp. 685–88. Scopus, doi:10.1109/ICASSP.2012.6287976. Full Text

Pages

Harms, Andrew, et al. “Shaping the Power Spectra of Bipolar Sequences with Application to Sub-Nyquist Sampling.” 2013 Ieee 5th International Workshop on Computational Advances in Multi Sensor Adaptive Processing (Camsap 2013), IEEE, 2013, pp. 236-+.

Harms, Andrew, et al. “Resource-Efficient Parametric Recovery of Linear Time-Varying Systems.” 2013 Ieee 5th International Workshop on Computational Advances in Multi Sensor Adaptive Processing (Camsap 2013), IEEE, 2013, pp. 200-+.

Zoltowski, Michael D., et al. “Channel Estimation for MIMO-OFDM using Complementary Codes.” Rws: 2009 Ieee Radio and Wireless Symposium, 2009, pp. 151-+.

Calderbank, Robert, et al. “A Sublinear Algorithm for Sparse Reconstruction with (2) Recovery Guarantees.” 2009 3rd Ieee International Workshop on Computational Advances in Multi Sensor Adaptive Processing (Camsap), 2009, pp. 209–12.

Chi, Yuejie, et al. “Golay Complementary Waveforms for Sparse Delay-Doppler Radar Imaging.” 2009 3rd Ieee International Workshop on Computational Advances in Multi Sensor Adaptive Processing (Camsap), 2009, pp. 177–80.

Yiyue Wu, P., and Robert Calderbank. “Code diversity in multiple antenna wireless communication.” 2008 Ieee International Symposium on Information Theory, IEEE, 2008. Crossref, doi:10.1109/isit.2008.4595153. Full Text

Souvik, D., et al. “Linear-time decodable secrecy codes for binary erasure wiretap channels.” 43rd Annual Allerton Conference on Communication, Control and Computing 2005, vol. 3, 2005, pp. 1548–56.

Ashikhmin, A., and A. R. Calderbank. “The first order space-time reed-muller codes.” 43rd Annual Allerton Conference on Communication, Control and Computing 2005, vol. 2, 2005, pp. 1086–95.

Diggavi, S., et al. “On embedded diversity codes.” 43rd Annual Allerton Conference on Communication, Control and Computing 2005, vol. 2, 2005, pp. 1046–55.

Calderbank, R., et al. “A novel full-rate full-diversity STBC with application to WiMAX.” Ieee Vehicular Technology Conference, vol. 3, 2005, pp. 1791–95. Scopus, doi:10.1109/VETECF.2005.1558413. Full Text

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