Robert Calderbank

Robert Calderbank
  • Professor of Mathematics
External address: 140 Science Drive, 317 Gross Hall, Durham, NC 27708
Internal office address: Campus Box 90984, 140 Science Drive, Durham, NC 27708
Phone: (919) 613-7874

Research Areas and Keywords

Algebra & Combinatorics
error-correcting codes, wireless communication, data storage, discrete harmonic analysis, sphere packing, algorithms, data compression, source classification, representation theory
detection and estimation, discrete harmonic analysis
Computational Mathematics
discrete harmonic analysis, algorithms
Number Theory
error-correcting codes, data storage, discrete harmonic analysis, sphere packing, algorithms, representation theory
Physical Modeling
wireless communications, data storage, detection and estimation
error-correcting codes, wireless communications, data storage, detection and estimation, algorithms, data compression, source classification
Signals, Images & Data
error-correcting codes, wireless communication, data storage, discrete harmonic analysis, algorithms, data compression, source classification

Robert Calderbank is Director of the Information Initiative at Duke University, where he is Professor of Electrical Engineering, Computer Science and Mathematics. He joined Duke in 2010, completed a 3 year term as Dean of Natural Sciences in August 2013, and also served as Interim Director of the Duke Initiative in Innovation and Entrepreneurship in 2012. Before joining Duke he was Professor of Electrical Engineering and Mathematics at Princeton University where he also directed the Program in Applied and Computational Mathematics.


Before joining Princeton University Dr. Calderbank was Vice President for Research at AT&T. As Vice President for Research he managed AT&T intellectual property, and he was responsible for licensing revenue. AT&T Labs was the first of a new type of research lab where masses of data generated by network services became a giant sandbox in which fundamental discoveries in information science became a source of commercial advantage


At Duke, Dr. Calderbank works with researchers from the Duke Center for Autism and Brain Development, developing information technology that is able to capture a full spectrum of behavior in very young children. By supporting more consistent and cost-effective early diagnosis, the team is increasing the opportunity for early interventions that have proven very effective.


At the start of his career at Bell Labs, Dr. Calderbank developed voiceband modem technology that was widely licensed and incorporated in over a billion devices. Voiceband means the signals are audible so these modems burped and squeaked as they connected to the internet. One of these products was the AT&T COMSPHERE® modem which was the fastest modem in the world in 1994 – at 33.6kb/s!   


Together with Peter Shor and colleagues at AT&T Labs Dr. Calderbank developed the group theoretic framework for quantum error correction. This framework changed the way physicists view quantum entanglement, and provided the foundation for fault tolerant quantum computation.


Dr. Calderbank has also developed technology that improves the speed and reliability of wireless communication by correlating signals across several transmit antennas. Invented in 1996, this space-time coding technology has been incorporated in a broad range of 3G, 4G and 5G wireless standards. He served on the Technical Advisory Board of Flarion Technologies a wireless infrastructure company founded by Rajiv Laroia and acquired by Qualcomm for $1B in 2008.


Dr. Calderbank is an IEEE Fellow and an AT&T Fellow, and he was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 2005. He received the 2013 IEEE Hamming Medal for contributions to coding theory and communications and the 2015 Shannon Award.


Education & Training
  • Ph.D., California Institute of Technology 1980

  • M.S., Oxford University (U.K.) 1976

  • B.S., University of Warwick (England) 1975

Applebaum, L, Bajwa, WU, Duarte, MF, and Calderbank, R. "Asynchronous code-division random access using convex optimization." Physical Communication 5.2 (2012): 129-147. Full Text

Zeng, M, Calderbank, R, and Cui, S. "On design of rateless codes over dying binary erasure channel." IEEE Transactions on Communications 60.4 (2012): 889-894. Full Text

Simpson, MJ, Wilson, JW, Matthews, TE, Duarte, M, Calderbank, R, and Warren, WS. "Imaging the distribution of melanin in human skin lesions with pump-probe microscopy." Optics InfoBase Conference Papers (December 1, 2011).

Li, Y, Papachristodoulou, A, Chiang, M, and Calderbank, AR. "Congestion control and its stability in networks with delay sensitive traffic." Computer Networks 55.1 (2011): 20-32. Full Text

Wu, Y, Viswanathan, H, Klein, T, Haner, M, and Calderbank, R. "Capacity optimization in networks with heterogeneous radio access technologies." GLOBECOM - IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference (2011). Full Text

Dang, W, Pezeshki, A, Howard, S, Moran, W, and Calderbank, R. "Coordinating complementary waveforms for sidelobe suppression." Conference Record - Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers (2011): 2096-2100. Full Text

Nokleby, M, Bajwa, WU, Calderbank, R, and Aazhang, B. "Gossiping in groups: Distributed averaging over the wireless medium." 2011 49th Annual Allerton Conference on Communication, Control, and Computing, Allerton 2011 (2011): 1242-1249. Full Text

Applebaum, L, Bajwa, WU, Calderbank, R, and Howard, S. "Choir codes: Coding for full duplex interference management." 2011 49th Annual Allerton Conference on Communication, Control, and Computing, Allerton 2011 (2011): 1-8. Full Text

Gomaa, A, Chi, Y, Al-Dhahir, N, and Calderbank, R. "On training signal design for multi-user MIMO-OFDM: Performance analysis and tradeoffs." IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference (2011). Full Text

Calderbank, R, Jafarpour, S, and Nastasescu, M. "Covering radius and the Restricted Isometry Property." 2011 IEEE Information Theory Workshop, ITW 2011 (2011): 558-562. Full Text