We provide a simple criterion on a family of functions that implies a square function estimate on Lp for every even integer p ≥ 2. This defines a new type of superorthogonality that is verified by checking a less restrictive criterion than any other type of superorthogonality that is currently… read more about this publication »

The local generality of the space of solitons for the Laplacian flow of closed G2-structures is analyzed, and it is shown that the germs of such structures depend, up to diffeomorphism, on 16 functions of 6 variables (in the sense of É. Cartan). The method is to construct a natural exterior… read more about this publication »

Wasserstein–Fisher–Rao (WFR) distance is a family of metrics to gauge the discrepancy of two Radon measures, which takes into account both transportation and weight change. Spherical WFR distance is a projected version of WFR distance for probability measures so that the space of Radon measures… read more about this publication »

OBJECTIVES: To characterize and quantify accumulating immunologic alterations, pre and postoperatively in patients undergoing elective surgical procedures. BACKGROUND: Elective surgery is an anticipatable, controlled human injury. Although the human response to injury is generally stereotyped,… read more about this publication »

We show that certain singular structures (Hölderian cusps and mild divergences) are transported by the flow of homeomorphisms generated by an Osgood velocity field. The structure of these singularities is related to the modulus of continuity of the velocity and the results are shown to be sharp in… read more about this publication »

Race-based inequity in federal criminal sentencing is widely acknowledged, and yet our understanding of it is far from complete. Inequity may arise from several sources, including direct bias of courtroom actors and structural bias that produces racially disparate impacts. Irrespective of these… read more about this publication »

Chemotaxis is a directed cell movement in response to external chemical stimuli. In this paper, we propose a simple model for the origin of chemotaxis - namely how a directed movement in response to an external chemical signal may occur based on purely reaction-diffusion equations reflecting inner… read more about this publication »

In volume transmission (or neuromodulation) neurons do not make one-to-one connections to other neurons, but instead simply release neurotransmitter into the extracellular space from numerous varicosities. Many well-known neurotransmitters including serotonin (5HT), dopamine (DA), histamine (HA),… read more about this publication »

Let TtP2f(x) denote the solution to the linear Schrödinger equation at time t, with initial value function f, where P 2(ξ) = ∣ξ∣2. In 1980, Carleson asked for the minimal regularity of f that is required for the pointwise a.e. convergence of TtP2f(x) to f(x) as t → 0. This was recently resolved by… read more about this publication »

We study a prototypical example in nonlinear dynamics where transition to self-similarity in a singular limit is fundamentally changed as a parameter is varied. Here, we focus on the complicated dynamics that occur in a generalised unstable thin-film equation that yields finite-time rupture. A… read more about this publication »

We study the one‐dimensional KPZ equation on a large torus, started at equilibrium. The main results are optimal variance bounds in the super‐relaxation regime and part of the relaxation regime. read more about this publication »

We provide a refined explicit estimate of the exponential decay rate of underdamped Langevin dynamics in the L2 distance, based on a framework developed in Albritton et al. (Variational methods for the kinetic Fokker–Planck equation, arXiv arXiv:1902.04037 , 2019). To achieve this, we first prove a… read more about this publication »

We consider a stochastic conservation law on the line with solution-dependent diffusivity, a super-linear, sub-quadratic Hamiltonian, and smooth, spatially-homogeneous kick-type random forcing. We show that this Markov process admits a unique ergodic spatially-homogeneous invariant measure for each… read more about this publication »

This paper proposes a novel kernel-based optimization scheme to handle tasks in the analysis, e.g., signal spectral estimation and single-channel source separation of 1D non-stationary oscillatory data. The key insight of our optimization scheme for reconstructing the time-frequency information is… read more about this publication »

We develop a new Markov chain on graph partitions that makes relatively global moves yet is computationally feasible to be used as the proposal in the Metropolis-Hastings method. Our resulting algorithm is able to sample from a specified measure on partitions or spanning forests. Being able to… read more about this publication »

In this paper, we study the localization length of the continuum directed polymer, defined as the distance between the endpoints of two paths sampled independently from the quenched polymer measure. We show that the localization length converges in distribution in the thermodynamic limit, and… read more about this publication »

We introduce a family of stochastic models motivated by the study of nonequilibrium steady states of fluid equations. These models decompose the deterministic dynamics of interest into fundamental building blocks, i.e., minimal vector fields preserving some fundamental aspects of the original… read more about this publication »

Alloreactivity can drive autoimmune syndromes. After allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HCT), chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD), a B cell-associated autoimmune-like syndrome, commonly occurs. Because donor-derived B cells continually develop under selective pressure… read more about this publication »

BACKGROUND: Due to intrinsic differences in data formatting, data structure, and underlying semantic information, the integration of imaging data with clinical data can be non-trivial. Optimal integration requires robust data fusion, that is, the process of integrating multiple data sources to… read more about this publication »

It is well known that vortex patches are wellposed in C1,α if 0 < α< 1 . In this paper, we prove the illposedness of C2 vortex patches. The setup is to consider the vortex patches in Sobolev spaces W2,p where the curvature of the boundary is Lp integrable. In this setting, we show the… read more about this publication »